India Population 2019

The population of India is 1,311,559,204.

Map of India with world location, topography, capital city, and nearby major cities.

India is the second most populated country on Earth, behind China. India is projected to grow to more than 1.4 billion people within the next ten years, surpassing China as the world's population leader. The population density of India is almost 450 people per square kilometer, ranked 28th among the world's countries. More than two thirds of India's people live in rural farming areas, although the country is also home to some of the world's largest and most rapidly growing cities, including Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Surat, and Pune. Great improvements in healthcare, agriculture, and industry have steadily decreased infant and child mortality rates and raised life expectancy rates for the expanding population of India.

Find Population

Annual Population

Population India World Rank

Population data from International Data Base (IDB) from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Year Population World Rank People SqKM

Birth Rates

Annual Birth Rates

Births Per 1,000 People.

Year Births Per 1,000

Death Rates

Annual Death Rates

Deaths Per 1,000 People.

Year Deaths Per 1,000

Migration Rates

Annual Migration Rates

Net Migrants Per 1,000 People.

Year Migration Rate

Rate of Natural Increase (RNI) %

Annual RNI Rates

Birth Rate Minus Death Rate.

Year RNI Rate %

Rate of Growth %

Annual Population Growth Rates

Birth Rate Minus Death Rate, Plus Migration.

Year Growth Rate %

Rate of Infant Mortality

Annual Infant Mortality Rates

Less Than One Year Old, Deaths Per 1,000 Infants.

Year Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000

Rate of Child Mortality

Annual Child Mortality Rates

Ages One to Five Years Old, Deaths Per 1,000 Children.

Year Child Mortality Rate Per 1,000

Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy

Years of Expected Life.

Year Life Expectancy Years

Fertility Rate

Rate of Fertility

Average Children Born Per Woman.

Year Fertility Rate %
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