India Population

India Population: 1,326,093,247

Map of India with world location, topography, capital city, and nearby major cities.
India populated areas in red, dark red higher.
India Projected Population 2020 - 2050
YearPopulationWorld RankDensity SQ/KMDensity Rank
20201,326,093,2472446.028
20251,396,046,3082469.528
20301,460,743,1721491.327
20351,519,490,8691511.129
20401,571,715,1991528.629
20451,617,237,9161543.928
20501,656,553,6321557.227

India Estimated Population 1950 - 2015
YearPopulationWorld RankDensity SQ/KMDensity Rank
1950369,880,0002124.438
1955404,267,5902136.038
1960445,393,2492149.837
1965494,963,5962166.536
1970553,888,7632186.334
1975618,922,6432208.235
1980684,887,7032230.434
1985759,612,2122255.533
1990838,158,8312281.932
1995920,584,9712309.631
20001,006,300,2972338.530
20051,090,973,0302366.928
20101,173,108,0182394.629
20151,251,695,5842421.027

India is the second most populated country on Earth, behind China. India is projected to grow to more than 1.4 billion people within the next ten years, surpassing China as the world's population leader. The population density of India is almost 450 people per square kilometer, ranked 28th among the world's countries. More than two thirds of India's people live in rural farming areas, although the country is also home to some of the world's largest and most rapidly growing cities, including Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Surat, and Pune. Great improvements in healthcare, agriculture, and industry have steadily decreased infant and child mortality rates and raised life expectancy rates for the expanding population of India.

Population data is from US Census - International Database.

Population grid data displayed on map is from: Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University. 2018. Gridded Population of the World, Version 4 (GPWv4): Population Count Adjusted to Match 2015 Revision of UN WPP Country Totals, Revision 11. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). Accessed 02 11 2020.

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